Asylum Seekers - The USA-Mexico Border

Asylum Seekers - The USA-Mexico Border

Asylum Seekers - The USA-Mexico Border

By Bansari Pujara

At the dawn of the new age world, as the WWII was wrapping up and the world was full of refugees, displaced and decimated destitute, the developed democratic countries came forward to take in these people and provide them with new roots to grow into something majestic. There were about 60 million refugees that knocked at the doors of America, even with an initial grudge to turn them away, but as then-President, Harry S. Truman said in “These victims of war and oppression look hopefully to the democratic countries to help them rebuild their lives and provide for the future of their children. We must not destroy their hope. The only civilized course is to enable these people to take new roots in friendly soil...” 

People who are facing grave danger to their lives, can migrate to a different country and claim asylum-seeking refuge at the fear of going back to their native country. Based on the 1951 U.N. Refugee Convention definition of Asylum, it is the act of fleeing persecution based on race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership to a certain social group, often this definition does not cover the violence by the drug cartels that prevails right now in the countries like El Salvador, Guatemala and so on. 

The Migrant Protection Protocol(MPP), as laid out by America says that, anyone seeking asylum, will not be allowed in, until their case has been processed. To highlight the gravity of the situation, it can be said that, the people who flee their country are often fleeing crimes like, rape, extortion, murder and kidnapping, denying them a safe place is not just unjust but is an act of cruelty against humanity. The people living at these borders in barely survivable condition in camps are imprisoned between the cartels and razor wire. The asylum processing often can take months, if not years. More than 51,000 individuals have been sent back to Mexico under MPP, with at least 800 being sent to Matamoros, a city infamous for gang violence and cartel-controlled human trafficking. 

Other policies like metering, which basically limits the number of people that can claim asylum on a daily basis, redefining the credible fears, which changes the clause of on what grounds can one seek asylum, discrediting asylum seekers and not taking their stories and fears and sequentially putting their lives into grave danger. 

The final policy, the Transit law, went into effect this September which effectively will end the asylum at the Southern border of the united states, it says that any person whose request has been denied by any other country will be granted asylum in the US, which makes the Central American countries to seek asylum in any safe place.