The Advent of Mughals – A Positive Change

The Advent of Mughals – A Positive Change

The Advent of Mughals – A Positive Change

By - Karan Tyagi

Firstly, to know about the advent of Mughals in India we should understand about Mughals. Mughals were the Mongols in Persian, Mughal means Mongolians. If Mughals had not invaded India there would have been no Taj Mahal, no Red Fort, no Jama Maszid, no Moti Mahal and neither the other great monuments. These all were built by Mughal. However, no one will ever get to know about the great emperor Akbar.

 The first Mughal ruler who invaded India and was also successful in setting up a Mughal rule in India was Zahhiruddin Mohammad Babur, ruler of Fardana kingdom in Uzbekistan and descendant of The great warrior Chengiz Khan and Taimur. His father died early in an accident, and then he succeeded him at a tender age of 13. He was defeated and also succeeded upon many attacks over his kingdom of Fardana between 1495 -1504. In 1504, he conquered Kabul in Afghanistan and then he started his conquest to capture India.

The other character of the story is Ibrahim Lodhi, the ruler of Delhi and descendant of Bahlol Lodhi, founder of Lodhi dynasty Delhi. He was a very weak, careless and incapable ruler. Everyone was annoyed and upset with him due to which his own uncle and governor of Punjab Daulat Khan in 1925 invited Babur to attack Delhi. He thought that Babur is a Mongol and like other Mongols, he will return after looting the treasury in Delhi.

On the other hand, Babur also needs wealth to rule in Kabul and that can only be fulfilled by the treasury of Delhi. Due to Daulat Khan’s own share, he promised to support Babur in war. After witnessing that Babur’s army is outnumbered by Lodhi’s army, he withdrew all his troops.

Babur's army comprised of 12000 soldiers with specialized cavalry and artillery. On the other hand, Ibrahim Khan’s army was around 60000 soldiers with elephants and horses. The difference between the troops was discipline and skill level. On 21st April 1526, the battle between Lodhi and Babur occurred on the grounds of Panipat. Babur made Lodhi and his troops surrender within 6 hours of the fight with his exceptional military tactics and skills. This made the beginning of the Mughal Chapter in India, which lasted for more than 200 years.