There is a lot known about the Gods from ancient India but only a little is known to people about the amazing and appreciable amazing facts about ancient India. After reading these, you will agree with the fact that Indians have claimed many of the “firsts” in many fields from science to civilization. They are sure to make you proud of being an Indian and will also fascinate you at the same time. Let’s get started.
Facts about Ancient Indian Civilization
The Indus Valley Civilization can never be missed when we are talking facts about ancient Indian civilization. It existed from 3,300 to 1,300 BC and was Bronze Age Indian culture. It is evidently the among the three oldest civilizations off the world. The people of the Indus valley society were advanced in fields like math, science, navigation, and Zinc ore extraction through distillation. Navigation art was born in the Sindh river and is as old as 6000 years ago.
Even the word Navigation is been known to be derived from NAVGATIH – a Sanskrit. Navy is also derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Nou’. The Indus Valley Civilization was also the first to invent bathrooms It is found in their settlements that they had toilets with running water. They also had drains and a sewage system, making them the earliest flush toilets. They were also the first people to make buttons and step-well. Aren’ these facts about ancient Indian civilization fascinating?
Facts about Life in Ancient India
Ever wondered the facts about life in ancient India? Well, people used to fell ill just like today but 2600 years ago Sushruta (the father of surgery) and the health scientists of that time used to conduct surgeries for artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones, etc.
Their doctors performed surgical procedures with over 125 types of equipment including cataract treatment, caesareans, brain surgery, and even plastic surgery. Anesthesia is also known to use in ancient India in the form of wine and cannabis incense. Deep knowledge of different branches of biology has also been found in many texts like anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity. Pioneers in dentistry were also Indians. There are evidences of dental drilling practised on a living human comes 9,000 years ago in India.
Since we are talking facts about life in ancient India, education has been a very important aspect. Ancient Indians were pioneers in mathematics as well. They were the ones who came up with advanced mathematical concepts even before the Europeans. Budhayana was the first to calculate the value of pi and explain the concept of the Pythagorean Theorem.
He discovered this in the 6th century long before the European mathematicians. India invented the value System, the number system as well as the decimal system in 100 BC. Aryabhatta was the one to invent zero.
Facts about Yoga in Ancient India
Yoga – a physical and spiritual practice of the body and the mind was practised by Patanjali. He is the father of yoga and is responsible for starting and spreading this practice all over the world about 5000 years ago. But the word ”Yoga” was first used 2500 years ago. This is one of the amazing facts about yoga in ancient India.
Another fact about yoga in ancient India is that it was used and practised as a form of healing and is not a religion. It is also one of the oldest physical practise in the world.
Facts about Medicine during Ancient India
One of the amazing facts about ancient India medicine is that the earliest school of medicine ever known is Ayurveda. Acharya Charaka is the father of medicine who consolidated and invented Ayurveda over 2500 years ago. Ayurveda is still a popular practise and many countries have also adopted the use of Agurveda for treating diseases. Ayurvedic medicines also doesn’t have any side effects as they are made from herbs and medicinal plants. Another amazing fact about ancient India medicine, right?
Facts about Kings and Empires in Ancient India
One of the surprising facts about empires in ancient India is that none of the Indian empires even invaded any other country. As against this, Indian has been invaded more than 200 times. They used to invade kingdoms within the Indian territory but never stepped out of their boundaries. However, another of the facts about ancient Indian kings is that King Ashoka was popularly known as ‘Chandal Ashok’, meaning brutal after he killed his 99 brothers for the throne.
Chess is thought to have invented from the Indian game chaturanga. This is one of the facts about ancient Indian kings that they used to play this game for recreation. It was invented around 1,500 years ago. Chaturanga consists of foot-soldiers who move like chess pawns, a Raja just like the king in chess, and a horse like a knight in chess. Not everything was identical to chess. Chaturanga uses elephants whereas bishops are used in chess.
While thinking of the facts about empires in ancient India, even though there were kings and numerous rulers but there is no evidence of Slavery found to exist in ancient India. An ancient Greek historian, Megasthenes, stated that Indians were free.
Facts about Ancient Indian Culture
Women’s empowerment is one of the fascinating facts about ancient Indian culture. It is known to be at peak in ancient India. Women were free and able to discuss even taboo topics without fear. They even had the right to choose their partner from among a group of men during a ritual called “Swayamvar”.
Ancient Indians also had knowledge about the sexual behaviour of humans. ‘Kama Sutra’, an ancient Indian text from around 400 BC consists of details on the philosophy of love.
Isn’t these amazing facts about ancient Indian just amazing? Yes. It is easy to make out from this that why is India such a diverse and complex nation owing to its history. It’s also fascinating how ancients Indians never had to rely on any other country for anything and they were truly self-reliant!